It may be only 334 meters high, but Mt. Hakodate has stunning views of the city of Hakodate and the surrounding waters. Known as the "million-dollar view," it's one of Japan's best-known spots for panoramic vistas. A gondola will get you to the observation deck in three minutes, and a hike takes around 45.
The Goryokaku is a unique star-shaped fort built in the mid-19th century by the Tokugawa shogunate to protect Hakodate from Western powers. In 1869, former samurai established the Republic of Ezo here before imperial troops defeated them six months later. Today, the fort is a leafy oasis surrounded by more than 1,000 cherry trees that bloom in spring.